What is the story of Surah Shams? | Quran oasis

Surah Shams

Surah Shams, which is actually a Surah on the purification of the ‘carnal soul’ and the sanctification of the heart from vice and impurities’, explains the same themes as previous Suras, but at the start of the Surah, eleven great subjects from the world of creation and Divine essence are mentioned, and some oaths are taken to prove that salvation is dependent on the ‘purification of the carnal soul.’ Most of the Quranic swears are encapsulated in these oaths.

The Thamood are briefly mentioned at the end of the Surah as an example of a disobedient people. They disobeyed Allah’s sacred Law and His messenger, Salih (as), and were punished for their transgression, which was the result of disregarding ‘carnal soul-cleansing.’

In reality, this short Surah restates one of the most significant educational points for Man’s life’s destiny, leading him to authentic Islamic principles.

surah shams meaning 

Surah Shams (Arabic: سورة الشمس), commonly known as Ash-Shams, is the Holy Quran’s 91st chapter, following Surah Al Balad. It appears in the 30th juz and is translated into English as ‘the Sun.’ It contains 15 verses that were revealed to Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in Makkah.

The central topic concerns the success of the person who purifies himself, as opposed to the failure of the one who corrupts himself. You will be saved from destruction if you perfect your relationship with Allah and purify your spirit as much as possible. Furthermore, Allah has demonstrated what is evil and what is right.

Like other surahs, begins the chapter with an oath taken by something He made. There are 11 vows sworn in this surah, including those taken by the moon and the earth. Taking an oath before something as magnificent as the Sun, which supplies us with so much and plays such an essential role in our everyday lives, inspires us to consider the magnificence of the One who created the Sun.

What is the meaning of Al-Shams?

There is a link between these celestial bodies and ourselves. Despite everything struggling for domination, there is order in the cosmos. Similarly, there is a perpetual conflict within humans between right and wrong, and if you can control your inclinations to please the Lord, you will be successful.

sourate achams discusses how humans are born with the ability to accomplish deeds that are agreeable to Allah and to recognize right from wrong. Living a decent and pure life is a natural propensity, and doing wicked things goes against one’s nature, and as a result, one deserves to be punished.

In this chapter, Allah discusses the Thamud tribe and the Prophet Salih, who was sent to them (AS).

How Allah sent a camel to the tribe as a sign, but instead of worshipping it, they tortured and slaughtered it. They were warned by their Prophet Saleh (AS), but they ignored him. As a result, both the leaders and the general population collaborated in its assassination.

surah shams read online 

surah shams read online 
surah shams read online

where was surah shams revealed?

Surah 91 was revealed during the early era of the Prophet’s (PBUH) residency in Makkah when hostility to him had grown exceedingly strong and fierce.

Divine Law and Guidance are major issues.

People of Thamud were lowered to the ground for this reason. Success depends on keeping the soul pure, while failure depends on corrupting it.

When was surah shams revealed?

The subject matter and style indicate that this Surah was also revealed in Makkah during the early period, at a time when opposition to the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) had grown exceedingly strong and fierce.

Why was surah shams revealed?

Its central focus is to distinguish between good and evil and to warn those who refuse to recognize this distinction and insist on taking the bad path of the consequences.

This Surah is divided into two portions due to the topic content. The first section has vv. 1-10, and the second section contains vv. 11-15. The first section covers three topics:

That, just as the sun and the moon, day and night, the earth and the sky, are distinct and contradictory in their effects and results, so are good and evil.

That man’s future depends on how he develops the good and suppresses the evil tendencies of the self by employing the abilities of discrimination, volition, and judgment that Allah has given him. He will achieve permanent success if he develops the good tendency and frees himself of the evil tendencies; on the other hand, if he suppresses the good and promotes the evil, he will experience disappointment and failure.

The significance of Apostleship has been brought out in the second half, using the historical precedent of the people of Thamud. Because the inspiring knowledge of good and evil that Allah has implanted in human nature is insufficient for the task at hand, a Messenger is raised in the world.

Is surah al shams makki or madani?

A Makki sura is Surah Shams. The 91st Sura in the Quran, Surah Shams, contains 15 Ayat. This Surah teaches us the difference between achievement and failure.

It teaches that man’s success is determined by his clean soul and virtuous deeds, while his failure is determined by polluting things. wa shams surah has various advantages; reciting this Surah increases one’s success, courage, and popularity.

What is the main theme of surah al shams?

The Qur’an teaches us the following: Surah Ash-Shams is one of the most important surahs in Islam.

In Makkah, the shams surah (Chapter 91 of the Qur’an) was revealed. The following are the key themes of this Surah:

  1. The difference between good and evil
  2. The reward for doing the right thing

Penalties for adhering to the wicked theme

This Surah explains that, just as the sun and the moon, day and night, the earth and the sky, are distinct from each other and contradictory in their effects and outcomes, so are good and evil; they are neither alike in their outer appearance nor can they be alike in their results.

surah ash shams tafseer

The preceding surah ashams brought up several disputes, one of which is the conflict between the messenger (saw) and the Quraysh, in which the disbelievers declared it legitimate to attack the prophet (saw). The disbelievers were in disagreement with the revelation that the messenger (saw) had brought at the end of the same surah. A second conflict was the daily fight that every human faces and from which no one can escape. The arrogant struggle that man has with Allah (SWT), in which man assumes that no one has power over him and that no one has watched his acts, was the third conflict.

Another struggle that was brought up was the battle between disbelievers and those who refuse to follow the path of righteousness and those who are in need of help and assistance from humanity. The previous surah’s primary ayah said that Allah (SWT) has directed the man to two routes, both of which go higher, and after discussing the conflicts, some interior realities are alluded to. This surah as shams serves as a Tafseer, or explanation, of the core ayah and the two routes, and it provides insight into human psychology and personality.

surah shams benefits

  • The reward for reciting sourate achams, according to our beloved Prophet Muhammad sallal laahu alaihi wasallam, is comparable to the things that the sun and moon shine upon.
  • Our beloved Imam Jaffar Sadiq (Radi Allahu Tala Anhu) declared that whoever recites Surat as-Shams, al-Layl, ad-Dhuha, and al-Inshirah would find all creatures of the earth testifying in his favor on the Day of Judgement, and Allah will accept their evidence and grant him a position in Jannah.
  • On the day of judgment, whoever recites Surah Shams, Surat Layl, Surat duha, and Sura Inshirah on any day or night, there is nothing that will not bear witness to his recitation of these four surahs, to the point where the reciter’s hair, face, blood, muscles, and bones will bear witness, and everything on earth will come forward to bear witness for him.
  • “I have accepted the testimony of all of you for my servant, and now I send him to paradise,” Allah would declare. Everything he desires will be supplied to him there, as well as more, thanks to My mercy and favor.”
  • Those who recite Surat Ash-Shams are like the wealthy man who gives away everything he has in charity; and if the reciter is poor, Allah will provide him with favorable circumstances and divine guidance, and he will be protected wherever he goes. The Reciter will reap many benefits; he will become a popular and amiable man among the people; Allah will increase his means of substance, and he will be freed from losses, worries, and poverty.
  • His trembling will go if you write Sura Ash-Shams on a china plate, wash it with clean water, and drink it, inshallah.
  • Surat Shams recitation helps you gain more strength, courage, and popularity among the people.
  • To get rid of a fever, recite Surat Ash-Shams over water.

Hadith on surah al shams

On the authority of Salman al-Farisi, the Messenger of Allah- may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – said: “Whoever prays on the day of al-Fitr after he has prayed his Eid, he should recite four units of prayer in the first rak’ah and recite the Fatiha of the Book and glorify the name of your Lord, the Highest.” And in the second prayer: The third is “Duha” and in the fourth “Say: He is Allah, the One.

” It is as if he had read every book that Allah had sent down to his prophets, and as if he had fulfilled all orphans, anointed them, and cleansed them of their sins, and the reward for his sins will be doubled for him. The superiority of Surat Al-Shams is like the superiority of the rest of the Qur’anic Surahs, as reciting it has merit and reward. And a great reward with Allah Almighty, just like the rest of the surahs of the Noble Qur’an. Where a noble hadith was narrated by Abdullah bin Masoud, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said: (Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah has a good deed for him, and a good deed is ten like it. I do not say “pain” is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter, and Mim is a letter.

surah shams in English

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

  1. By the Sun and his (glorious) splendor;
  2. By the Moon, as she follows him;
  3. By the Day as it shows up (the Suns) glory;
  4. By the Night as it conceals it;
  5. By the Firmament and its (wonderful) structure;
  6. By the Earth and its (wide) expanse:
  7. By the Soul and the proportion and order given to it;
  8. And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;-
  9. Truly he succeeds that purifies it,
  10. And he fails that corrupts it!
  11. The Thamud (people) rejected (their prophet) through their inordinate wrong-doing,
  12. Behold, the most wicked man among them was deputed (for impiety).
  13. But the Messenger of Allah said to them: “It is a She-camel of Allah! And (bar her not from) having her drink!”
  14. Then they rejected him (as a false prophet), and they hamstrung her. So their Lord, on account of their crime, obliterated their traces and made them equal (in destruction, high and low)!
  15. And for Him is no fear of its consequences.

surah shams in roman English

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

  1. Wash shamsi wa duhaa haa

  2. Wal qamari izaa talaa haa

  3. Wannahaari izaa jallaa haa

  4. Wallaili izaa yaghshaa haa

  5. Wassamaaa’i wa maa banaahaa

  6. Wal ardi wa maa tahaahaa

  7. Wa nafsinw wa maa sawwaahaa

  8. Fa-alhamahaa fujoorahaa wa taqwaahaa

  9. Qad aflaha man zakkaahaa

  10. Wa qad khaaba man dassaahaa

  11. Kazzabat Samoodu bi taghwaahaaa

  12. Izim ba’asa ashqaahaa

  13. Faqaala lahum Rasoolul laahi naaqatal laahi wa suqiyaahaa

  14. Fakazzaboohu fa’aqaroohaa fadamdama ‘alaihim Rabbuhum bizambihim fasaw waahaa

  15. Wa laa yakhaafu’uqbaahaa

surah shams in Arabic

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
1. وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا
2. وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَاهَا
3. وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّاهَا
4. وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا
5. وَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا بَنَاهَا
6. وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَاهَا
7. وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا
8. فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا
9. قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا
10. وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ دَسَّاهَا
11. كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَاهَا
12. إِذِ انْبَعَثَ أَشْقَاهَا
13. فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ نَاقَةَ اللَّهِ وَسُقْيَاهَا
14. فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَعَقَرُوهَا فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُمْ بِذَنْبِهِمْ فَسَوَّاهَا
15. وَلَا يَخَافُ عُقْبَاهَا

surah shams summary

The purposes of Surat Al-Shams revolve around talking about the great verses of Alah in this vast universe, so Surah Shams begins with a great oath of Alah Almighty with the sun and its brightness, then with the moon when it is recited at night, then with the day, then at night, then with the heavens and the earth, because all these things are verses of the wonderful creation of Alah Almighty And man, despite all this knowledge he has reached, and the civilization he has built, is still unable to access its hidden secrets, Allah Almighty said: {And the sun clears it * and the moon when it follows it * and the day when it clears it * and the night when it covers it * and the clear * and the clear * and the clear * other than it} [4], then after that AlahhAlmighty swears by the soul of man because it is one of the greatest mysteries for humans and which they will not reach to comprehend no matter how advanced they are in terms of development and science.

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