Undoubtedly recitation of the Holy Quran is one of the best ways for a Muslim to get closer to Allah (SWT). Accordingly, learn Quran recitation with Tajweed is an act of faith itself that brings you many good deeds and virtues.
Since the last divined book was revealed in a clear Arabic tongue, it is necessary that Quran recitation agrees with the manner transmitted from the messenger of Allah Muhammad (PBUH) from the aspect of articulation points and transient characteristics of the letters.
In this article, we’ll learn about Quran recitation with Tajweed, its importance, and top Tajweed rules.
What Does “Quran Recitation with Tajweed” Mean?
Reciting the Holy Quran with Tajweed refers to applying certain rules upon pronouncing each letter in Quran recitation (Tilawa). These rules are the different linguistic, lexical, phonetic, morphological, and syntactical forms that should be applied to read Quran correctly as reported by the prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Accordingly, we can define the Tajweed (Tajwid) as the set of rules for correct pronunciation of the Quranic letters with all their qualities and applying the various traditional methods of recitation, giving every letter its rights and dues as well as stoppings and startings.
Moreover, the word “Tajweed“ is actually an Arabic word (تجويد) that mean “enhancement”, “to perfect something”, or “to make beauty in reciting Quran”.
The prophet Muhammad said:
Make your voices beautiful when you recite Quran.Hadith [Sunan an-Nasa’i 1015]
Importance of Tajweed
From the definition of Tajweed, it’s impossible not to realize the great importance of Tajweed in Quran recitation.
The Quran recitation must be infallible without any linguistic and verbal errors. It should follow fixed and regular rules of reading for all people at all times.
By following the Quran recitation with Tajweed rules, the Qur’an is distinguished from all other readings like prose, poetry, and rhetoric.
The correct pronunciation of words and letters, and adherence to signs of pausing, initiation, glorification, and thinning, all lead to further reflection on the verses of the Qur’an.
Moreover, beautifying Tilawat by applying Quran Tajweed rules endeavors giving our souls a feeling of prestige, reverence, and softness of heart for the verses of the Wise Remembrance.
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Quran Tajweed Rules
As we mentioned earlier, there are many rules of Tajweed that preserve Quran recitation with the best quality.
The top Tajweed Quran rules you should learn are…
1. The Articulation Points
The first and most important rule in learning Quran recitation with Tajweed is the articulation points of letters.
As we also said before this book was revealed in a clear Arabic tongue. So we have to first learn the Arabic language to help us understand the Holy Quran and recite it properly.
The articulation point refers to the place of emitting the letters when pronouncing them which differentiates the specific letter from another one.
The scholars laid out the following five major areas that have within them the different articulation points:
- The Oral Cavity – the empty space in the mouth and throat has in it one articulation point for the three lengthened letters.
- The Throat – it has three articulation points for six different letters which are pronounced from the deepest, middle, and closest part of the throat.
- The Two Lips – they have two articulation points for four letters.
- The Tongue – it has ten articulation points for eighteen letters.
- The Nose – from the holes of the nose towards the inside of the mouth, here is one articulation point, that of the Ghunnah.
2. The Ghunnah
“The Ghunnah“ is one of the most important Tajweed rules which linguistically means the sound that is emitted from the nasal passage, without any function of the tongue.
When applied to the Tajweed of Quran, “The Ghunnah” refers to the unconditional nasalized sound fixed on the “Noon” letter even if it is a “TANWEEN” and “MEEM”.
This means that the “Ghunnah” is an inherent sound in the “MEEM” and “NOON”, whether the “NOON” and “MEEM” have a vowel or not.
So there are 2 letters of the Ghunnah: the “NOON” and the “MEEM”. The “NOON” includes the “TANWEEN”.
The articulation point of the Ghunnah is at the opening of the nose that connects with the back of the mouth (the nasal passage).
3. Noon Sakinah & Tanween
Noon Sakinah and Tanween are some of the most common tajweed rules.
“NOON SAKINAH“ is noon free from any vowel. It remains unchanged in its written form and as well as in pronunciation when continuing to read after it and when stopping on it. “NOON SAAKINAH” occurs in nouns and verbs in the middle of the word and at the end of the word, and occurs in prepositions and particles only at the end of the word. The NOON SAKINAH can have a SUKOON on it or can be written with no vowel on it.
“TANWEEN” is a term for an extra NOON SAKINAH not used for emphasis, found at the end of nouns when continuing the reading but absent from the noun in the written front (the noon of the TANWEEN is pronounced but not written), and abandoned in pronunciation when stopping.
There are four rules of “TANWEEN” applied to both the “NOON SAKINAH” & “TANWEEN”. These 4 rules are:
- Izhar – the NOON sound is pronounced clearly without additional modifications when followed by letters of the throat.
- Iqlab – refers to the changing of “NOON SAKINAH” or the “TANWEEN” into a “MEEM”, when followed by a “BA’A” with the observance of the “Ghunnah”, and hiding of the “MEEM”.
- Idgham – refers to the meeting of a non-voweled letter with a voweled letter, so that the two letters become one emphasized letter of the second type.
- Ikhfaa – refers to the pronunciation of a non-voweled letter stripped of any Shaddah, characterized somewhere between an Izhar and Idgham with a Ghunnah remaining on the first letter, in this case, the NOON SAKINAH and the TANWEEN.
4. Meem Sakinah
As same as “NOON SAKINAH” before it’s a “MEEM” free from any vowel, and which has a fixed “SUKOON” when continuing reading and when stopping.
This excludes the “MEEM” that was original without a vowel but obtained one because the next letter also had a “SUKOON”. In the Arabic language, it’s not allowed to have two non-voweled letters next to each other; one will automatically obtain a vowel to eliminate this problem.
The “MEEM SAKINAH” has three possible conditions:
- Oral Ikhfaa
- Oral Izhar
- Idgham with Ghunnah
As we mentioned, there are a lot of Tajweed rules to master learning the Quran with Tajweed, more than we can cover in full. And what is worth noting is that even if we could this kind of knowledge needs a Quran teacher, not anyone, but experts.
How to learn Quran Recitation with Tajweed?
If you decided to learn Quran recitation with Tajweed for your or your kids, then the best and trending method to achieve your goal is to learn Quran online at Quran Oasis with highly-qualified and native Quran tutors. Our teachers walk with you or your kids step-by-step from learning Quran reading basics to mastering Quran recitation with tajweed, and even more obtaining Ijazah in Quran recitation.
The beauty of the matter is that the Internet has made the world a small room, and by it, we no longer have to travel to learn, where there is what is called “online Quran learning”. So now, we can at anytime from anywhere in the world learn Quran with Tajweed.
Hereunder is how you can learn Quran Recitation with Tajweed in 3 steps…
STEP 1: LEARN QURAN READING BASICS
Reading the Quran Basics course is your first step towards mastering Quran recitation with Tajweed. In this course, you and your children also will learn how to read Arabic and Quranic letters properly.
It is important to know that Arabic provides diacritics. Diacritics tell you how to read Arabic words so you do not need to memorize their pronouncing. You will also learn how Arabic letters are linked together or separated, how to read words, then short sentences and long sentences. Moreover, you will be able to read Arabic supplications.
STEP 2: LEARN QURAN RECITATION
In this course, you will recite all of the Holy Quran. You will learn how to correctly recite it in the way as reported by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). You will start from the short Surahs to the longest ones.
In the Reading Quran Basics course, your teacher also will train you on the Quran phonetics. He/She will qualify you to master reading the small Quranic Surahs.
STEP 3: LEARN QURAN TAJWEED
The correct recitation, as a result, requires learning and applying the Quran Tajweed through your recitation.
In this Tajweed course, you will learn the rules of Tajweed, starting from the principles of recitation to the characteristics and Quran letters articulation. You will learn all of this and more through lessons full of examples from the Quran and accompanied by the practical recitation of the Holy Quran.
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