Many Muslims search for how to learn Noorani Qaida as it is considered one of the most effective methods for learning the Holy Quran for both kids and adults, especially for beginners who search for learning the basics of the Arabic language, and the sounds of letters, and the right Quranic Arabic. There is more than one way to teach intonation, such as Rahmani Qaida or the method of Noor Al-Bayan, but Al Qaida Al Nooraniya remains one of the best ways to learn to read the Noble Quran with Tajweed in a correct manner, especially since it is one of the easy ways that contains all the pronunciation rules of reciting the Holy Quran and does not need previous knowledge of the principles of learning reading and intonation, due to its dependence on the Arabic alphabet and the connection of letters in places Different methods of teaching and the most interactive use of learning, such as the use of colors.
It helps Quran students to learn the fundamentals of Arabic alphabets and their pronunciation. There is a new colored booklet that allows better readability and understanding of the alphabet and Tajweed rules. So, there are many available ways for learning al Noorani Qaida whether it is through a dedicated tutor or online.
What is Noorani Qaida?
Al Qaida Al Nooraniya is one of the most proper ways to learn the correct recitation of the Holy Quran.
Noorani Quran is suitable for small kids to start learning the Arabic language and its rules in a correct way, which allows them to gradually learn to recite the Qur’an without errors.
Qaida Noorani teaches them the correct pronunciation. It is a useful book to learn the Quranic Arabic which was compiled by Sheikh Noor Muhammad Haqqani from India that was a famous Islamic scholar.
The origin of this method is learning the alphabet through the verses of the Noble Quran and the connection of letters to each other, and then moving on to more complex topics. In Noorani Qaida you learn the accent of Zehr, Zebr, and Paysh which teaches you the correct reading of the Holy Quran even if you don’t know the basics of Tajweed So, you should be interested in learning how to learn Noorani Qaida.
It is a perfect way to teach non-speakers the Arabic language easily and improve their phonetics.
How to read Noorani Qaida?
Al Noorani Qaida includes 17 lessons and chapters that you should learn sequentially to read the Holy Quran in a professional way beginning with learning the Arabic alphabet in the first chapters and moving on to learn the basic Tajweed rules.
But you should follow the chapter orders of the book and solve the included exercises.
When you perfectly learn these lessons, It will lead you to proper reading and recitation of the Holy Quran, Hadith, and other Arabic books.
Noorani Qaida lesson 1
It contains 29 letters of the Arabic Alphabet. 7 letters are pronounced with a full mouth (deeply) and 4 letters are pronounced from lips. All of them are single letters which are called “Huroof”.
It focuses on pronunciation and identifying the dots on letters.
The way by which the students read the letters and having a practice on bold or light letters.
Noorani Qaida lesson 2
After the knowledge of single letters, students learn to join letters or compound letters which are called “Murakkabat”. It means joining two or more letters together.
So, after completing this chapter, they know the different shapes of the letters like (لا) which is actually (ل+ا).
Noorani Qaida lesson 3
It contains 14 abbreviated words which are called “Muqatta’at”. It consists of
disconnected letters. There are 29 Surahs in the Holy Quran starting with the words “Muqatta’at” just after Bismillah.
It is like (الٓمٓ، طٰسٓ، قٓ، الٓرٰ).
Noorani Qaida lesson 4
This chapter contains “Letters Movements” which are called “Harkaat” which have 3 kinds of movements(Fatha which is located above the letters, Kasra below the letters, and Dammah above the letters)for example (وَ، وِ، وْ). They are considered short vowels in the Arabic Language, so you shouldn’t prolong the letters with these movements and not read them with a jerk.
Noorani Qaida lesson 5
It learns Double Fatha, Double Kasra, and Double Dummah which is called Nunation or Tanween (بً، بٍ، بٌ).
. It contains the correct sounds and pronunciations of these symbols and signs.
Noorani Qaida lesson 6
Students learn how to learn Noorani Qaida by connecting the different letters by Tajweed rules. This chapter provides exercises of Movements and Nunation (Harkaat and Tanween).
Noorani Qaida lesson 7
It teaches standing fatha, kasrah, and dummah which are used with letters. They’ll learn not to take the maddah letters which come after “Noon” or “Meem” into the nose like Ikhfa or hide the voice of Meem or Noon partially in the nose.
But if the Throatal letters come after Tanween, don’t do Ikhfa (وًا، فًا، بًا).
Noorani Qaida lesson 8
It is about “Huroof Maddah o Leen ” which are soft letters and long vowel signs, so these need to prolong equally to one “Alif ” or one or two seconds, and if the letter before Wao Sakin(وْ) has Dhuma movement, it is called Wao Maddah.
And if the letter before Yaa Sakin(ىْ) has Kasra, it is called Yaa Maddah.
For example (زَا، زُوا، زِى).
Noorani Qaida lesson 9
It is a revision containing exercises on the past lessons including Movements, Fatha, Karsa, Dummah, Maddah o leen, and Tanween letters and pronouncing the difficult words and many tajweed rules.
For example, if Hamza (ء) comes after Maddah, Maddah will be one of the four kinds:
1-Maddah muttasil, if Hamza is in the same word like (جآءَ).
2-Maddah munfasil, if Hamza comes at the start of the next word like (إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَا).
3-Madd-e-lazim, if Sakoon comes after a Maddah or leen letters and the word will be prolonged like Madd like ( آلْنٰنَ).
4-Madd-e- Arzi, if Sakoon is due to waqf like (ٍجُوْع).
Notice: All kinds of Maddah are prolonged from 3-5 seconds.
Noorani Qaida lesson 10
It is about Sakoon, Jazm, and Huroof el Qalqalah.
It learns the difference between letters with the same pronunciation like ث، ذ، ز، س، ص، ظ.
Noorani Qaida lesson 11
It is a revision of the previous chapter containing exercises on Sakoon, and Jazm. And learning when Ikhfaa is done at noon saakinah and Tanween, and when the Raa letter (ر) is bold as we find it bold when the letter comes before it isn’t Yaa Sakin, or it doesn’t have Kasra. Also, it teaches The types of stops and if it is necessary or not like Waqat-e-Taam, Waqf-e-Lazim (م), Waqaf Jaiz (ج), Waqf-e-mutlaq (ط).
It illustrates the bold letters (خ، غ، ق، ص، ض، ط، ظ).
Noorani Qaida lesson 12
In this chapter, Noorani Qaida students learn the Tashdeed sign, called the duplication sign. It means pronouncing the letter two times by connecting the previous letter and reading the word with “Tashdeed” in a strong voice and the letter is called Mushadad (ابَّ، ابِّ، ابُّ).
Noorani Qaida lesson 12
Contains training on the previous chapter (Tashdeed) having practice “Tashdeed ” with some difficult words as there is a Gunnah on Noon and Meem mushaddad.
Noorani Qaida lesson 14
This chapter is a practice for all signs they have learned like Tashdeed, Sakoon, and Jazm. Also, they will learn Tashdeed with Sakoon (مَرُّوْا، رَبِّىْ).
Noorani Qaida lesson 15
It contains a new kind of Tashdeed with two duplication signs ( Tashdeed with
Tashdeed) and many exercises for this ( يَذَّكَّرُ، المُدَّثِّرُ).
Noorani Qaida lesson 16
This chapter gives the students a perfect experience in their journey of learning because it is full of exercises of Tashdeed after a long vowel, in which the students learn Tashdeed with Huroof Maddah ( دَآبَّةٍ، الصَّآخَّةُ).
Noorani Qaida lesson 17
It is the last chapter of Noorani Qaida which is full of exercises for perfect pronunciation of Quranic Arabic with special learning of noon sakinah, meem sakinah, and Tanween.
So, an abbreviation for that explanation the students of qaida Noorani read well by learning
- compound letters.
- vowel letters.
- consonant letters.
- doubled letters.
Learn Noorani Qaida online
It is a method concerned with how to learn norani qaida step by step and how to read Arabic perfectly with no requirements.
Noorani Qaida leads to reading complete verses from the Holy Quran with Tajweed rules.
There are many online courses for anyone who needs to learn Arabic from kids or adults.
- This is done by lecturers from teachers of the Arabic language and the Holy Quran.
- The course aims to teach the correct pronunciation of letters leading to reading the Quran.
- In the online courses, students don’t have to join the physical classes but there are many places like Riwaq Al Azhar institute or Aya institute that provide free online courses from your home without fatigue in a very short time.
- You can also schedule your classes in the way you choose and comfort you.
- Also, in online learning, there aren’t any geographical barriers, and you can learn from the best-certified teachers in the best Islamic educational institutions.
- And you will choose the interactive and effective online environment you want and you can interact directly with your tutor.
- These courses build a solid infrastructure of Quran education.
- There are monthly reports which are compared with the old ones to assess the level of improvement in learning.
There are many online free Quran classes that you can join. But also, there are other academies with money whether it’s a simple fee or an expensive one.
The online courses lead to learning
- Reading the Arabic Alphabet individually, congruently, or separately.
- The different shapes of the Arabic letters according to their position in the word.
- The Arabic letters with types of vowels and Tanween.
- The letters of lengthening & soft Lengthening.
- The Arabic letters with Sukoon
- The doubled letters… and many more!
The online classes include
- Alphabet & their Proper Pronunciation.
- Letter Recognition.
- Letter Positions.
- Connecting Letters.
- Short Vowels (Harakat).
- Long Vowels (Huroof Maddah).
- Letters of Leen.
- Noon Sakinah & Tanween.
- Rules of Raa.
- Rules of Laam.
- Noon Qutni.
- Waqf ( Pausing and Stopping).
The goal of online courses is
- Learning how to pronounce the Arabic Alphabet with diacritic marks by native-Arab tutors.
- Learning how to read Quranic Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) properly.
- Pronouncing Quran words properly in face-to-face interaction.
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Noorani Qaida English
Many institutes learn how to learn Noorani Qaida in English through making registration in free trial classes like Quran institute and Noorani qaida book in English.
It is a Noorani Qaida with instructions in English including 17 lessons.
There is a Noorani qaida book in English as follows:
- The alphabet (lesson 1)
Those are considered the building blocks which need special attention and should be taught properly.
- The joint letters (lesson 2)
Forming letters by joining Alphabets.
- The Muqatta’at letters (lesson 3).
- The movements (lesson 4).
- The tanween (lesson 5).
- The tanween and movements (lesson 6).
- standing Fatha, Kasra, and Dhuma (lesson 7).
- The Madd o leen (lesson 8).
- Exercise of movements (lesson 9).
- The Sakoon and Jazm (lesson 10).
- The exercise of Sakoon (lesson 11).
- The Tashdeed (lesson 12).
- Exercise of Tashdeed (lesson 13).
- Tashdeed and Sakoon (lesson 14).
- Tashdeed with Tashdeed (lesson 15).
- Tashdeed with Haroof Maddah (lesson 16).
- Ending of rules (lesson 17).
Arabic alphabet Noorani Qaida
It is the first Lesson in Noorani Qaida which teaches reading and pronouncing the Arabic alphabet for reciting the Holy Quran easily in a short time.
There are 29 letters that all have sound except one letter (Alif- أ).
They have 8 bold letters خ ، ص ، ض ، غ ، ط ، ق ، ظ ، ر which are written in a group خص ضغط قظ. Their sound is trapped inside the mouth and produces an echo and is pronounced with a heavy, strong voice, but on pronouncing the light letters the sound is spilled outside of the mouth.
But there is a notification that the letter (Raa, ر) is sometimes light or bold depending on the position of the word.
In Arabic grammar, we find 3 long vowels ا، و، ى
- The letter (Alif-ا) produces the sound of AAA.
- The letter (Wao-و) produces the sound of UUU.
- The letter (Yaa-ى) produces the sound of EEE.
The letter Alif-أ
This letter doesn’t have a sound and is pronounced fast.
There are two types of the letter
- Alif without (ء) Hamza which is affected by the letter coming before it. So, if that letter is strong, the letter alif will also be strong.
For example, the word قَالَ alif is a vowel and is affected by the letter ق. Because the letter ق is strong, alif will be strong.
- Alif with Hamza (أ or إ). In that case, its name is Hamza.
Do not read it as a leaf or aaalif or force your throat as it is a soft word.
The letter Baa-ب
It is pronounced by the inner part of lips to touch each other, but don’t suck the lips in.
The letter Taa ت
It comes from the flat part of the tongue against the roots of the upper teeth keeping it solid and does not spit-up.
There are 2 mistakes in pronouncing this letter other than its makhraj or origin.
- The first is placing the tongue behind the bottom teeth making a sharp sound in pronouncing it.
- The second mistake is placing the tongue in the roots of upper teeth but spitting it out resulting in a wrong pronunciation.
So, it should be pronounced with a solid sound.
The letter Thaa ث
It has three dots on it while the letter ب has one dot below it and the letter ت has two dots on it.
You should stick out your tongue a little when pronouncing this letter.
It comes from the flat part of the tongue against the edges of upper teeth softly without pressing hard.
The letter Jeem چ
It has a Yaa vowel in the middle producing the sound eee. It comes from the middle of the tongue against the upper palate. When pronouncing that letter, There should be. a soft contact of the tongue and upper palate.
Some people pronounce it as’yeem’ sound but it is wrong. This is a solid letter and the makhraj is closed. It is also wrong to pronounce it like گِیم.
The letter Haa ح
It has an alif vowel at the end and comes from the middle of the throat from the epiglottis. This letter has a very sharp sound and
pronounced by opening the mouth with applying some force on your throat.
The letter kha خ
It is the first heavy letter we meet in letters. It comes from the back of the mouth. When the roots of the tongue touch the uvula (which is the thing that is hanging in the back of the throat) producing this sound that should be soft without any force on the throat but doesn’t pronounce as a light letter.
The letter Daal د
It has an alif vowel in the middle and a laam vowel in the end. It comes from the same place as the letter ت (Taa) where the tip of the tongue touches the roots of the upper teeth.
The letter zaal ذ
It has the same shape as the letter Daal but with an upper dot. It has an alif sound in the middle and comes from the same place as the letter ث (Thaa) which is the tip of the upper teeth against the front flat part of the tongue. It is a soft letter without force while pronouncing.
It has a ل (Laam) sound in the end in which the tongue is placed right after the roots of the upper teeth where the gums begin which is called Litha.
The letter Raa ر
It is the second heavy letter but it is sometimes heavy and sometimes light depending on its position in the world. But if it is alone, it will be heavy. It comes from the front flat part of the tongue against the front palate. We have some ridges right after the upper teeth. The place between these ridges and upper teeth is called the front palate which is the origin of this letter. The back of the tongue is also raised while pronouncing this letter.
The letter zaa ز
It has an alif sound at the end and comes from placing the tip of the tongue behind the tip of the bottom teeth where the tongue is towards the tip of the bottom teeth and the sound is produced between the tongue and the teeth.
The letter Seen س
It has the Yaa sound in the middle of pronunciation producing the sound eee with a sharp sound. It comes from the same place as the letterز at the tip of the tongue and behind the tip of the bottom teeth.
The letter sheen ش
It is the sister of the letter (س, Seen) as it has the same shape but with three upper dots. It comes from the middle of the tongue against the middle of the upper palate like the letter ج with a little difference in pronunciation in which the letter ش has a little bit of gap between the tongue and the upper palate through which the sound passes.
The letter saad ص
It is a heavy letter as it comes from the same place as the letters ز and س where the tongue is placed behind the bottom teeth. It has an alif sound in the middle and د sound in the end where the back of the tongue is raised again.
Don’t use lips or push them out while pronouncing this letter as it should be in a normal position.
The letter Daad ض
It is also a heavy letter with a little difficulty in pronunciation. It comes from the front flat part of the tongue against the Laam makhraj which is Litha in which gums begin and the sides of the tongue should touch the inner sides of upper teeth. The sides of the tongue will be pressed against the inner side of the teeth and the tongue should be normal.
Don’t touch the tip of your tongue with the roots of your upper teeth. The tip of the tongue should touch the gums only not too high but right after the teeth.
The letter Taa ط
It is also a heavy letter in which the back of the tongue should be raised. It comes from the root of the upper teeth like the letter ت. Place the flat part of your tongue to your upper teeth while raising the back of your tongue at the same time and try to produce a heavy sound and don’t spit out the sound.
The letter za ظ
It is a heavy letter that comes from the front flat part of the tongue against the edges of upper teeth like letters ث، ذ and the tongue is raised. It is a soft letter that doesn’t need any force when pronouncing it like the letter ز.
The letter Aeen ع
It comes from the middle of the throat and has a Yaa sound in the middle but it doesn’t produce an eee sound as we have seen in the letter ج but it is pronounced with Fateh. The flap moves towards the back of the throat and creates a very narrow passage through which the air passes. This is the same thing but tighter than the letter ح.
The letter goeen غ
It is a heavy letter but with a different sound as it comes from the same place as the letter خ. But in the letter, غ the root of the tongue is a little high and touching the uvula and it is a wet letter as It produces something like a gurgling sound. For all the heavy letters the back of the tongue is moved towards the place of غ.
The letter Faa ف
It has an alif sound with a long end. It comes from the inner part of the bottom lip against the edges of the upper teeth.
The letter Qaaf ق
It is the last heavy letter and comes from the very last part of the tongue moving up to touch the soft palate with a solid sound so, don’t spit it up.
The letter kaaf ك
It comes from outside. There is a very slight difference between the makhraj of the two letters ك،ق. The origin of this letter is the place where the soft palate ends, and the hard palate starts.
On pronouncing this letter, don’t cough it or make an O-shape of lips.
The letter Laam ل
It has alif in the middle and م sound in the end. It comes from the Litha where the gums begin. It is like the English letter L.
The letter Meem م
It has Yaa (ي) in the middle and pronounces the (eee) sound. It comes from the lips but you shouldn’t suck in them.
The letter Noon ن
It has a waao (و) sound in the middle to produce a long oo sound. It comes from touching the front flat part of the tongue against the front palate and you shouldn’t produce sound from the nose.
The letter Haa ه
It is an easy letter to pronounce which comes from the bottom of the throat producing a deep sound.
The letter Waao و
Which comes totally from the lips without using the inner part of the lips against the edges of upper teeth.
The letter Yaa ي
It comes from the same place as ج and ش in which the flat part of the tongue touches the upper palate with a space between the tongue and upper palate more than the letter ش.
The letter Hamza ء
It comes from the bottom of the throat from the vocals exactly where the vocals are. When the vocals connect and when they separate, they produce this sound. When this letter is combined with other Arabic letters, it produces a fateh sound.
Makhraj of letters
It is the articulation or home from which the letter sound is produced.
We have 9 groups of letters:
- ف ، و ، ب ، م
They all come from the lips
- ت ، د ، ط
They all come from the front flat part of the tongue against the roots of the upper teeth.
- ث ، ذ ، ظ
They all come from the front flat part of the tongue against the edges of the upper teeth.
- ج ، ش ، ی
They all come from the middle of the tongue against the middle of the upper palate.
- ح ، ع
They come from the middle of the throat where epiglottis moves back towards the back of the throat and constricts the passing of the sound and the air.
- خ ، غ
They come from the top part of the throat where the root of the tongue raises against the uvula.
- ل ، ن ، ر
They come from the front flat part of the tongue against the front flat part of the upper palate. The front palate is between the upper teeth and ridges which is also called Litha.
- ز ، س ، ص
They come from the tip of the tongue against the bottom teeth.
- ء ، ھ
They come from the bottom of the throat where the vocals are.
Arabic Noorani Qaida
َnurani qaida is an Arabic word that means the foundation. So, it is a book that puts the basics of learning Quranic Arabic for beginners.
There are many printable Arabic Noorani Qaida to help kids and adults learn the Arabic alphabet and phonetics.
Noorani Qaida tajweed rules
Tajweed means making something good. So, it refers to the correct recitation of the Holy Quran.
The aim of these rules is a recitation empty of errors.
The rules sitter of Tajweed is the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) because the Noble Quran was revealed to him by Allah with Tajweed.
It means seeking refuge with Allah and asking for protection from the rejected Shai’tan and comes at the start of reciting the Holy Quran.
Saying أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم and it has some rules like:
- It is said in silence when reading in silence or when you are sitting alone.
- But if you are reading out loud in the presence of others, you must say it out loud.
- If reciting the Quran alternately, the first person says it out loud, but they seek refuge in silence.
- If the recitation is interrupted for any reason such as talking or coughing, seeking refuge is not repeated when returning to reading.
- But if the cessation of reciting the Quran was due to another reason, such as eating, working, or having a long conversation, seeking refuge should be returned upon completion of the reading.
It is said before starting the recitation of the Holy Quran to say بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم.
And we read it at the beginning of every surah of the Quran except surah AL-Tauba.
On reading Al-Isti’aatha and Al-Basmalah
There are 4 methods for reading them before reciting the Holy Quran
1-The first and the best method is cutting all three off from each other by seeking refuge, then stopping for a moment, saying the Basmalah, again stopping for a moment, and then starting the Surah.
2-Joining them with each other (seeking refuge, saying Basmalah, and starting the surah) without breaks.
3-Joining only the Basmalah and the Surah by seeking refuge, then stopping for a while then saying the Basmalah and the beginning of the Surah at the same time.
4-Joining the seeking refuge and Basmalah:
By saying Al-Isti’aatha and Al-Basmalah together, then you stop and then start the Surah.
Basmalah between two Surahs
There are 3 rules allowed in the rules of tajweed to read the Basmalah between two surahs
1-Separating all of them:
After finishing the Surah, then you stop for a moment, read Basmalah, stop for a while, then read the beginning of the next Surah.
2-Joining all of them:
By ending the Surah, joining it with the next Basmala for the beginning of the next Surah.
3-Joining the Basmalah with the next Surah:
By finishing the last Surah, then stops and takes a breath, then reads the Basmalah joining it with the beginning of the next Surah at the same time.
Al-Noon Al-Saakinah Rules
It is noon free from any movement or vowel without any changes in the writing or
It occurs in verbs and nouns in the middle of the end of the word while it occurs only at the end of prepositions and particles.
It can be written with a Sukoon on it like منْها or without a vowel-like عن.
Al-Noon Al-Saakinah has 4 tajweed rules
It means a clear explanation for things, especially reading the noon very clearly without dragging or hiding or emphasizing any word or adding any other letters.
It has 6 letters ح،خ،ع،غ،ء،ه which is called Huroof-e-Halqi because they come from the throat.
For example عليمٌ حكيم– جرفٍ هار، كلٌ آمن
It means combining a non-vowel letter with another vowel with a vowel, so they become one letter to emphasize the second letter.
It has the letters ى،ر،م،ل،و،ن.
If it comes after noon sakinah, it is changed into meem emphasize on it
Letters of Al-Iqlaab: it has just one word for Al-Iqlaab “ب” like أن بورك which is pronounced as “اَمٌ بُوٌرِكَ”.
It means reading the letter between Id’haar and Id’gaam while slightly hiding ghunnah.
The letters of Al-Ikhfaa are ص،ض،ط،ظ، د، ذ، ث،ز، ف،ق،ك، س،ش،ت، ج.
For example مَنشُورا– مَنصُورا.
Noon and Meem Mushaddadah
It means making emphasized words ( ghunnah), so Noon and Meem Mushaddadah mean such letters with ghunnah, and the word should be read by dragging it a little.
ومن نّعمره – من مّال – إنّا – أمّه – إنّ – ثمّ
Al –Meem Al-Saakinah rules
It has three rules
When Meem (م) comes right after Meem with sukoon so, the two meems will be merged and will be read with ghunnah.
Example:جاءكم من– أزواجهم مثل
When the letter baa (ب) comes after meem sakinah, it will be read out with ghunnah.
Example: ما لَهُم بِه – وَمَن يَعْتَصِم بِاللهِ – يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُم
If any letters of the Arabic alphabet except for Idghaam and Ikhfaa come after the meem sakinah, this meem will be sounded clearly.
Example:ذلكم خير لكم، وإن كنتم على، ولكم فيها، عليهم ولا الضالين، عليهم فيها، ذلكم حكم
It means disturbing the letter that has sukoon and making an echo to the word by opening the lips and pronouncing them with force.
The letters with Qalqalah are ق، ط، ب، ج، د
and it has 3 types as follows:
It has a strong Echo and occurs at the end of an ayah like وتب– ذلك اليوم الحق.
And it only occurs when we stop on these words.
With medium Echo which occurs at the end of a word in the middle of an ayah like ورائهم محيط – وما كسب.
With Subtle Echo and occurs in the middle of a word whether at the beginning, middle, or end of an ayah like أبناءكم – تطهيرا.
It means expanding the letter when reading it and it appears in huroof e Madd
The word before alif saakinah has fateh on it.
The waaw has sukoon and the word before it has a dammah.
The Yaa has sukoon and the word before it has kasrah.
It is the Laam at the start of the word and is merged with the letter following it.
These 14 letters are:
ت – ث – د – ذ – ر– ز – س – ش – ص – ض – ط – ظ – ل – ن
For example الصابرين، الطيبات
It is also called the Moon Laam or the laam Saakinah as it has sukoon on it and is pronounced clearly. This type of laam comes at the beginning of the nouns.
There are 14 letters have Al-Laam Al-Qamareeyah:
ا – ب – ج – ح – خ – ع – غ – ف – ق – ك – م – و – ه – ي
Example: القمر، الجبال، البلد
This letter appears in different ways, like:
ء – ٶ– ئ – أ – إ with the same pronouncing.
With the notice that Alif and Hamza are different letters as Alif is always free from movement but it has a harakah, it is a Hamzah.
Rules of Hamza
- When Hamzah carries a sukoon, you should take care to pronounce it correctly to avoid changing it into another word.
- When two Hamzah come together, they
Should be pronounced distinctively.
- When Hamza and Ayn (ع) come together, the two letters should be differentiated.
Types of Hamzah
- Hamzah Wasl (connecting Hamzah)
- Hamzah Qat’ a (cutting Hamzah)
It comes only at the beginning of the word without any harakat (movement) and is written as ٱ which may be pronounced or skipped.
If you start reading from the word with hamza wasl at the beginning, it should be pronounced. But if the reading is connected with any word with the next word having hamza-tul-wasl at the beginning, it should be skipped.
Example: رب العالمين
Hamzah Qat’ a (cutting Hamzah)
It is always pronounced whatever its position and written on the top or bottom of the letter which is usually Alif.
Example: وإذ، أحد
Silent and Pronounced Alif
The Holy Quran has seven types of Alifs which are sounded when stopping and silenced when continuing the recitation. These alifs have a round sukoon-like shape above them.
The Holy Quran has seven words with a round mark Alif at the end of the word like قواريرا.
Preventing Two Saakins from Meeting
There is a rule for the word ending with a madd letter and precedes a word starting with a sukoon, the madd letter is dropped to prevent the meeting of two Saakins. This occurs only on continuing recitation.
Example: وقالا الحمد لله
Makhaarij Al-Huroof means the place of origin in which the alphabets refer to the different parts of the mouth from which different letters sound.
There are 17 Makhaarij in different regions of the throat, tongue, lips, nose, and mouth.
The places of origin in different Arabic alphabets
ة أ – Sound produced from the End of the Throat.
ب – from the Inner part of both lips touching each other.
ط د ت – Tip of the tongue touching the base of the front 2 teeth.
ظ ذ ث – Tip of the tongue touching the tip of the front 2 teeth.
ج ش ى – Tongue touching the center of the mouth roof.
ع ح – from the Middle of Throat.
غ خ – from the Start of the throat.
س ص ز – the tip of the tongue between the front top and bottom teeth.
ض – One side of the tongue touching the molar teeth.
ف – The tip of the two upper jaw teeth touches the inner part of the lower lip.
ق – Base of Tongue which is near Uvula touching the mouth roof.
ك – Portion of Tongue near its base touching the roof of the mouth.
ل – The Rounded tip of the tongue touching the base of the front 8 teeth.
م – Outer parts of both lips touch each other.
و – Rounding both lips and not closing the mouth.
Inserting Alif before the word and then saakin without movement, the tongue where it stops while reading it will be the easiest way to find out the origin of the letter.
Example:أب، أخ، أم
Sifaat al Huroof
It means the certain quality of each correct recitation character makes each word different from the others.
And it has two types:
- Sifaat e Mutadaddah
- Sifaat e Ghayr Mutadaddah
Levels of Tafkheem
It means the thickness of letters and it is included in the following letters:
خ – ص – ط – غ – ط –ق – ظ
Levels of tafkheem
- when one of the 7 letters has a fatha (zabar) on it and is followed by an alif.
It is considered the strongest level of tafkheem like للطائفين.
- when one of the 7 letters has a fatha (zabar) on it but is not followed by an alif.
And it is the second level of tafkheem like
- The third level of tafkheem comes when one of the 7 letters has a dammah (paish) on it like انظر.
- The fourth level of tafkheem comes when one of the 7 letters has a kasrah (zair) under it and it is considered the weakest one like صنوان.
Tafkheem and Tarqeeq of the letter Raa’
1- Has fathah on it like الرحمن.
2-Has a Dammah on it like أمر الله.
3-Has Sukoon on it like ذرنى.
It means being thin. So, the letter Raa will be read with tarqeeq in the following cases:
- When it has kasrah (zair) under it.
- When it has sukoon and the word before it has kasrah (zair).
- When the Raa and word before it both have sukoon.
Complete Noorani Qaida
There is a complete full Noorani Qaida course in one video only which explains all the Tajweed rules you should know in just a few minutes.
You can also download the complete Noorani Qaida pdf from this link (download ) which teaches how to learn norani qaida very well.
You have to study Noorani Qaida Complete Lessons to understand the Quran.
Al Qaida Al Nooraniya is a very important method for learning the Arabic language and a perfect recitation of the Holy Quran with correct Tajweed rules.
In this article, we knew how to learn Noorani Qaida in Arabic very well and all lessons including that method of learning and tajweed rules ensure the kids and adults read the Holy Quran in the right way and also learn the rules of the Arabic language, especially for non-Arabic students.
There are many ways for learning Qaida Noorani whether it’s by a professional teacher or online which gives it free at no cost or a low cost. Whatever the method of receiving the knowledge, it has the same result.