Sacred Days, Sacred Deeds: How to Make the Most of the Days of Tashreeq

days of tashreeq

The days of tashreeq are: the three days that come after Eid al-Adha, which are: the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. They are among the blessed days mentioned by Allah Almighty. What is meant by the numbered days is the days of Tashreeq, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him.

And grant him peace, described them. May Allah bless him and grant him peace – by saying: (These are days of eating, drinking, and remembrance); This is because eating and drinking strengthens the pilgrim to perform his obedience. The reason for calling them the days of tashreeq, their virtues, and what the Hajj deeds are during them will be explained later in the article.

The reason for calling it the Days of Tashreeq 

The days of tashreeq were called by this name. Because people used to dissect the meat these days and fry it, that is, dry it. Tashreeq means dissection, and it was said that the slaughtering of the sacrificial animal and sacrifices does not take place until after sunrise there. 

It was said that the reason for calling it that is that people used to rise to the sun in Mina and there were no houses or buildings there. It was also said that Tashreeq is the Eid prayer. Because it is only performed when the sun rises and rises.

Names of the days of Tashreeq 

  • The Day of Qar: The first day of the days of tashreeq is called the Day of Qar, with the opening of the Qaf and the tightening of the Ra, and it was given this name. Because after the Day of Tarwiyah, the Day of Arafat, and the Day of Sacrifice, the pilgrims will become as tired as they did, so they will return to Mina.
  • Day of Departure The second day of the days of tashreeq is called the First Day of Departure. This is because it is permissible for the pilgrim who has finished stoning the stones and wants to hasten the departure from Mina to leave; That is, he travels to Mecca, according to the agreement of scholars. 

Since stoning the stone on the third day of the days of tashreeq is invalidated by the first group;  The majority of scholars, including the Malikis, Shafi’is, and Hanbalis, are of the opinion that departure must occur before sunset, and the Hanafis are of the view that departure should continue unless dawn breaks on the third day of the days of Tashreeq.

  • The third day of the days of tashreeq is called the second day of departure. If the pilgrim finishes stoning the stones on this day, he must depart for Mecca. It is not permissible for him to spend the night in Mina after stoning. The majority of Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali jurists are of the view that the time for stoning on this day is after noon.
  • And the Hanafis are of the view that it is permissible to stone before noon, after dawn. As for the last time for stoning, the jurists have agreed that it ends. at sunset; This is because the time for Hajj rituals ends with sunset on the third day of Tashreeq.

Hajj deeds during the days of Tashreeq

 Allah Almighty commanded His remembrance during the days of tashreeq, and there are many deeds similar to remembrance, and among the best deeds of the days of tashreeq are the following:

  • Spending the night in Mina: It is one of the duties of Hajj. The hurried pilgrim must spend the night in Mina on the night of the eleventh and twelfth of Dhul-Hijjah, and whoever is late must spend the night on the thirteenth as well. 
  • Throwing stones: Remembrance of Allah Almighty in these days includes throwing three stones. The smallest, then the middle, then the largest; Each jamrah contains seven pebbles.
  • Slaughtering a sacrificial animal: Slaughtering a sacrificial animal may be obligatory, such as the sacrifice of tamattu’ or qiran, or in the event of a prohibited act among the prohibitions of Hajj, or it may be voluntary. 
  • The time of slaughter begins on the day of Eid and extends until the end of the three days of tashreeq, and the blood obligatory due to a prohibited act among the prohibitions of ihram is called With the blood or sacrificial animal of al-Gibran, there is no specific time for slaughtering it, and whoever cannot buy the sacrificial animal must fast for ten days. 

Three of them are during Hajj before the day of Arafat, and if he is not able to, he fasts them on the days of tashreeq, and seven he fasts after returning from Hajj.

  • Performing the five daily prayers short and not in congregation: performing the prayers following the example of the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – when he stayed in Mina on the days and nights of Tashreeq; He used to pray each prayer at its proper time, while shortening the four-quarter prayer. He performs it in two rak’ahs.
  • The restricted takbeer after the five daily prayers in congregation: The Muslim says takbeer in it after the salaam of the group prayer. He says: “Allah is great, Allah is great, there is no god but Allah, Allah is great, Allah is great, and praise be to Allah.” This takbeer after prayer is not prescribed for one who prays alone.

The virtue and status of the days of Tashreeq 

It is known that remembrance of Allah Almighty is one of the greatest acts of worship and the best acts of obedience. In this regard, Allah Almighty says: (And the remembrance of Allah is greater); The remembrance of Allah Almighty is life for souls and reassurance for hearts.

And the one who remembers his Lord in all his circumstances is covered by the mercy of Allah and surrounded by His care, Glory be to Him. The virtue of remembrance increases in virtuous times, as in the virtue of the days of tashreeq and their great status, and what is evidence of this is the following.

 Allah Almighty has prescribed for His faithful servants these days the slaughter of sacrificial animals and sacrifices. So that their pleasure may be complete by eating its meat, and so that their bodies may be strengthened in obedience to Him and remembrance of Him, and this is a complete expression of gratitude to Allah Almighty for His blessings.

Conclusion 

The days of tashreeq  remind believers of the reality of the world. Just as during the days of Hajj there is a prohibition on some things, such as desires and passions, the ihram period extends until the pilgrim reaches Mina and is free from it. He eats, drinks, and remembers Allows Almighty, for the world is like that. These are only days in which the believer fasts to abstain from his desires. To obtain his share of Paradise in the afterlife.

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